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A scalp condition that many of us are only too familiar with, the symptoms of dandruff are easy to spot: white, oily flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders, often accompanied by an itchy, red and scaling scalp. Rarely serious, dandruff isn't contagious, but it does cause embarrassment and can sometimes be difficult to treat.

Dandruff, also known as seborrheic dermatitis in severe cases, is most likely caused by a condition known as seborrhea. Seborrhea involves cells shedding and renewing more frequently than the normal period of one month. For someone with dandruff, that period is shortened so that skin cells mature and are replaced in as little as 10 to 15 days. The result is what appears as dandruff – white, flakey clumps of dead skin.

Another possible cause of dandruff is the fungus Pityrosporum ovale (P. ovale), a common and naturally occurring yeast-like organism that lives on the scalp and skin of humans. While it is harmless in small numbers, certain triggers – climate changes, hormones, stress – may cause an increase in P. ovale concentration where the largest number of sebaceous (oil) glands is found. The sebum produced by these glands contributes to growth of the fungus leading to skin irritation and acceleration in skin cell turnover.

Although dandruff is a chronic scalp condition, there is good news: it can be controlled with medicated shampoos like Selsun Blue and gentle cleansers. There are a number of different treatment options which work in different ways. Not all treatments work for everyone so it may take patience and persistence in finding the right combination of products.  Here are a few that will help:

[Link Removed] :  A medicated shampoo that contains a powerful combination of 2% salicylic acid and 10% coal tar, Sebcur T Shampoo is used to control the itching, redness and scaling associated with stubborn seborrhea or psoriasis of the scalp.  The salicylic acid helps to exfoliate the scalp, eliminating scales, while the coal tar works on slowing down skin cell turnover.

For serious dandruff, PharmacyMix has you covered.

Sharmani Pillay is a Registered Pharmacist who specializes in anti aging skin care and women's wellness. She owns and operates an online skin care store at [Link Removed] 

For a limited time, Fabulously 40 members save 5% off all purchases. Code fab40 at checkout.

Pharmagirl, Your links have been removed, please consider upgrading to premium membership.

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